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To evaluate the ground reality of aquaculture scenario of the State, a detailed field survey from door to door of the Fish Farmers were made and basic data on fishery resources, fish production etc, collected in the beginning of 2004-05.

Based on field survey data collected in 2004-05, Govt. of Tripura formulated a revised Perspective Plan for attaining self-sufficiency in fish production by 2011-12 A.D. This Plan is under implementation in the State since October, 2004.

The achievements made in first four years (upto 2007-08) were reviewed and seen to be much higher than targeted.

Accordingly the Plan was modified during 2008-09 with self sufficiency target advanced to 2010-2011 A.D.

Increase in fish productivity/production has been identified as main priority programme. Under this activity 26 Model Aqua-culture Panchayets developed upto 2007-08 to set up good example before the fish farmers. It is proposed to create 1(one) such Panchayet in each block of the State during the Perspective Plan period.

To generate awareness and motivate the fish farmers for scientific fish farming, intensive training camp is being organized in each block.

Establishment of soil & water testing laboratories

Knowledge about the soil & water quality of the aquaculture resources is most essential for undertaking scientific fish culture. Realising the importance of such facility, it was proposed to create such laboratory l (one) in each block of the state during the perspective plan period. As a part of Perspective Plan programme, upto 2007-08, 14(fourteen) laboratories in 4(four) Districts have been established and these are now functioning.

Development of Post Harvest facilities

The presently available post harvest facilities in the State are very limited and of preliminary nature. The viable Fishermen Co-operative Societies and Self Help Groups are being assisted to develop post harvest infrastructure and transportation facilities like setting up of Ice plant, Modern fish selling stall, retail vending Kiosks, supply of Mini Truck etc. 9(nine) nos. Mini Trucks have been supplied to 9 (nine) Coop. Societies & 7(seven) nos. visi cooler supplied to SHGs. Besides, training on preparation of value added products like fish pickle, fish cutlet, fish finger etc. have been organized for the members of SHG and Co-operative Societies (fisher women groups).

Formation of fishery based Self Help Groups

With a view to develop the concept of commercial aqua-farming & entrepreneurship development, fishery based Self Help Groups are being formed to provide avenue for Self Employment & Income Generation. There are 936 Self Help Groups formed (upto March, 2008) and activated for entrepreneurship development through adoption of commercial fish farming. Of these 276 nos. are tribal based, 58 nos. women dominated, 105 nos. scheduled caste dominated & rest general. Large scale demonstrations on various scientific fish culture technique in private ponds have already been launched. Tribal & Women are being encouraged to participate actively in fish production. They are being assisted by providing technical know-how on advance fish culture technologies through large scale training and by supplying basic inputs for fish culture in the initial year.

Establishment of Fish Feed Manufacturing Plant

Since 2004-05, 14(fourteen) Fish Feed Manufacturing Plant have been established in the State for preparing & supply of balanced fish feed. Of these nine nos. are owned and operated by Self Help Groups & two by Fishermen Cooperative Societies. One all women SHG is operating one of such plant.

Aqua ranching

Big size fish seeds are being stocked in open water bodies in adequate quantity to enhance the fish production from capture fisheries.

Initiation of Fish Live Gene Bank Programme

Out of 142 fish species found in the State, 69 nos. are only of general occurrence. Many of these fish species are threatened and on the way of extinction. Hence, initiative has been taken by the Deptt. for establishing Live Gene Bank since 2004-05 with following achievements –

Located at Lembucherra Govt. fish farm, near Agartala it has 46 of the 69 generally occurring fish species in the State.

Steps are also being taken to breed few of the threatened species and success has been achieved in Ompok bimaculatus (Pabda) & Notopterus chitala (Chital) seed production.

Production of Prawn juvenile in artificial sea water

Tripura is the only landlocked State in the Country producing seed of Giant Fresh Water Prawn (Macrobrachium resenbergii) in artificial sea water. The first hatchery for the purpose was established in 2000-2001 in Govt. sector. Presently, the State has 3(three) such hatcheries- each in Govt. & Pvt. Sector(total 6 nos.), where prawn juveniles are being regularly produced on a commercial scale for culture and supply to other North-eastern States. Every year a total of 8 to 10 lakhs prawn juveniles are being produced in the State hatcheries.

Popularization of Prawn culture practices

Towards popularization of prawn culture technologies among the farmers of the State, mass demonstration on both Mono culture & Poly culture of prawn (with M/C) are being adopted in the tank of pvt. Fish farmers with the seed produced in the local hatcheries. An encouraging result have been observed by the farmers of the State, particularly where Poly culture practice has been adopted. The production of prawn from per ha water area has been assessed as 600 to 800 Kgs from Poly culture practices and 1500 to 2000 Kgs from monoculture practices. The total prawn production in the state is about 20 MT per annum.

Pabda Hatchery

Pabda (O. bimaculatus) is a threatened fish species and has been declared as “STATE FISH” of Tripura. For purpose of its conservation & culture, the State has standardized the technique of breeding this species and attempts are a foot to standardize the rearing technique. A hatchery for the purpose has been established at Lembucherra fish farm where over 11,000 nos. fingerlings were produced during 2007-08. The fish seed have been stocked in farmers pond for culture. A consignment of the same has also been sent as a token to Hon’ble Governor of the State of Haryana.

Institutional finance

Bank finance in the sector has shown considerable improvement. It has risen from Rs. 52.82 lakhs in 2004-05 to Rs. 339.52 lakhs in 2006-07. This has greatly helped the SHGs, Entrepreneurs & even small fish farmers in undertaking fish culture related activities.



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